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    Personal Injury and Insurance Law Legal Research Blog

    Lee P. Dunham

    Recent Posts

    TORTS:  Duty of Care by a Supplier of Tools or Chattels

    Posted by Lee P. Dunham on Fri, Dec 15, 2023 @ 15:12 PM

    TORTS:  Duty of Care by a Supplier of Tools or Chattels


    Lee Dunham—Senior Attorney

           It is, unfortunately, fairly common for people to sustain injuries from using defective tools or equipment such as ladders or scaffolding with faulty latching mechanisms or broken or improperly modified power tools. In circumstances where the tool was supplied by a third party, the party supplying the tool or chattel is often the employer of the injured worker, and the injury occurs on property owned or controlled by the employer. In such circumstances, the claim is often governed by OSHA regulations or principles of premises liability. However, even where those principles do not apply, liability can arise as a result of negligently supplying a defective chattel. The rule as stated in the Restatement (Second) of Torts § 392 is as follows:

    Chattel Dangerous for Intended Use

           One who supplies to another . . . a chattel to be used for the supplier's business purposes is subject to liability to those for whose use the chattel is supplied . . . for physical harm caused by the use of the chattel in the manner for which and by person for whose use the chattel is supplied (a) if the supplier fails to exercise reasonable care to make the chattel safe for the use for which it is supplied, or (b) if he fails to exercise reasonable care to discover its dangerous condition or character, and to inform those whom he should expect to use it.

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    TORTS: Social Host's Legal Duty to Render First Aid

    Posted by Lee P. Dunham on Thu, Jan 25, 2018 @ 11:01 AM

    Lee Dunham, Senior Attorney, National Legal Research Group

                During the holiday season, many of us open our homes to friends and coworkers and, unfortunately, sometimes a guest is injured or becomes sick on the property. What is the scope of a host's duty to render first aid to the uncle who cuts his hand while carving the turkey, or the New Year's Eve guest who has far too much to drink?

                Courts of most states generally follow the scheme outlined in the Restatement (Second) of Torts as to duty to render aid. The general rule, of course, is that there is no duty to render aid to one who is in peril, even if it would be easy to provide assistance. See Restatement § 314 ("The fact that the actor realizes or should realize that action on his part is necessary for another's aid or protection does not of itself impose upon him a duty to take such action."). But an exception applies when a "special relationship" exists between the parties.

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    Topics: torts, special relationship exception, legal duty to guest, first aid

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